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Men may have been at the forefront of the Old West, whether ranching or mining or dealing with the law be it enforcing it or breaking it.
Many women were blazing new trails in a harsh landscape, achieving the kind of To the woman from Tombstone Arizona that would have carried a man into the annals of history. Instead, their achievements often have been overlooked or forgotten. In a field dominated by men, Elias stood apart not just as a woman but as a leader. Elias was in her early 40s when her family moved to the southern Arizona Territory inpurchasing more thanacres centering along Babocomari Creek.
But life was difficult on the frontier, and frequent skirmishes with the Apache eventually took their toll. By the s, three of her brothers had died, two at the hands of Apaches. Elias eventually moved back to her hometown of Arizpe, Sonora, where she died in at the age of More: Arizona's Western history museums bring the past to life.
On the last leg of her journey west inthe Pennsylvania native and teacher carried a rifle in one arm and her infant in the other as she rode a stagecoach to Tucson. That speaks to her strong will and forceful personality, traits that served her well as she fought for various causes. Not long after arriving in Tucson, Hughes — who was married to an influential attorney — became the territory's first female public school teacher and soon opened the first school for girls. She ed with several women to organize the first Protestant church in the Arizona Territory, opened in When her husband Louis owned and managed the Arizona Daily Starthe couple worked together to craft a newspaper that opposed gambling and capital punishment and pushed for temperance.
When her husband served as territorial governor in the s and '90s, Hughes continued to manage the paper, the only woman doing so at the time. He would eventually introduce a resolution for a constitutional amendment giving women the vote. The initiative was approved by voters in November The Irish native had a head for business and prospecting as she traveled the American West in the late s, but what she became notable for was her compassion. Cashman spent much of her To the woman from Tombstone Arizona chasing precious ore, following news of the latest strikes and traveling hundreds of miles to be a part of treasure hunt.
She opened and ran many boarding houses and restaurants, and was known for aiding miners down on their luck. While prospecting in British Columbia inshe heard of miners struggling to survive in a snow-laden mining camp. Cashman ed a small group that came to their rescue, tugging 1, pounds of food and supplies.
Her interests in gold, silver and adventure brought Cashman to Tucson inwhere she opened a successful restaurant that established her reputation as a smart businesswoman. Over the next 21 years, Cashman would open and run numerous restaurants and businesses in Tucson, Tombstone and Bisbee, but it was her devotion to charitable causes and people in need that earned her the devotion and respect of residents.
InTo the woman from Tombstone Arizona ed the Klondike gold rush, a successful foray that eventually helped fund a new hospital in Fairbanks, before the establishment of the Territory of Alaska. She died Nov. More: Arizona's mining history: Danger for many, riches for a few. Nampeyo, born in Hano, a village on First Mesa, found beauty in a Hopi style of pottery that had all but disappeared. By the late s and early s, she was selling her creations at the Keams Canyon trading post, her distinctive pots catching the eyes of buyers. Demand increased as the territory was opened to travelers with the completion of the Santa Fe Railroad across Arizona in By the late 19th century, Nampeyo was incorporating tan, red and black, using colors and tints found in nature.
Nampeyo shared her talents through demonstrations. The gallery and gift shop was built by the Fred Harvey Company to sell Hopi wares to the increasing of travelers descending upon the natural wonder. She was born in to an accomplished attorney and devoted much of her life To the woman from Tombstone Arizona matters of the court.
Two years after she was admitted, Sorin ed her father in heading up a law firm in Tombstone. The two worked together from tobefore Sorin married and moved to Tucson in Sorin eventually specialized in mining law, traveling around Arizona representing mining companies, including Old Dominion Copper Co. Sorin was representing mining concerns when, inshe became the first woman to argue before the Supreme Court without being accompanied by a male attorney. She won the case involving the disputed ownership of a mine. Inshe died of influenza at the age of 53, but her name lives on.
The Arizona Women Lawyers Association bestows the Sarah Herring Sorin Award to the member who supports the advancement of women in the legal profession. Given the fact that her maternal grandfather was a member of the Lewis and Clark expedition, Munds seemed destined to blaze new trails.
Munds was 19 in when she ed her parents in Prescott, where her father was a successful rancher. She taught school and eventually immersed herself in the suffrage movement. In Munds was elected secretary of the Territory of Arizona Women Suffrage Organization and spent years lobbying politicians to grant women the vote.
Arizona was one of 15 states to give women the vote before the 19th Amendment was ratified in InMunds was among seven Yavapai County candidates for two state senate seats. She finished on top, more than votes ahead of the second-place finisher. Munds remained active in politics much of her life.
She was 82 when she died in Typically dressed in fine silk, Sing Choy known by the white populace as China Mary was the unofficial leader of Tombstone's Chinese community in the s. Little got done without her say-so. Choy was the liaison between the Chinese and white communities. She supplied labor to white businessmen, guaranteeing the work of her laborers and making up losses for anything they might steal.
In return, Choy took a cut of To the woman from Tombstone Arizona pay, a lucrative enough business to allow her to invest in laundries and restaurants. She also ran opium dens and gambling halls, and was said to have provided Chinese prostitutes. Even as she ran businesses that were questionable though acceptable at the timeChoy managed a To the woman from Tombstone Arizona general store.
Over the years she became known as a smart and respected businesswoman known for her honesty and trustworthiness. She was even known to help out a miner down on his luck. When Choy died from a heart attack inmost of Tombstone showed up to bid her farewell. Her grave marker was among the most prominent in Boothill Cemetery. Though Pearl Hart was just 5-foot-3, the diminutive Canadian made a big mark on the Old West thanks to a desperate act that led to national attention.
In the spring ofHart lived in Phoenix but "did not travel in the best society and suddenly dropped out of sight," the Arizona Republican reported. A few months later, the stage running between Globe and Florence was robbed and passengers reported that a woman held a gun on them while her male partner took money and watches. Hart was eventually taken to Tucson and detained in a room ill-equipped to hold anyone determined to get out. She cut through the lath and plaster to escape, only to be caught two weeks later in New Mexico.
In NovemberHart was sentenced to five years and served her time at the infamous Yuma Territorial Prison, where she received preferential treatment from the warden and occupied a relatively spacious cell with a view and a yard. Hart received a pardon in and told reporters she planned to pursue acting. She traveled east and was said to have appeared in a handful of vaudeville shows.
Hart quickly faded from the public eye, as did the details of her later life.
Even the date of her death isn't clear. Arizona Republic archives. Facebook Twitter. These 8 women changed the face of Arizona. Here's how they left their marks on history. Scott Craven Arizona Republic. Arizona's first woman senator, a famed Hopi potter and a bandit are among some of the notable women of Arizona's Wild West history.
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