What are the effects of speed

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Speed methamphetamine, C 10 H 15 N What are the effects of speed a potent and addictive central nervous system stimulant, chemically related to amphetamine, but with greater central nervous system side effects. It is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting powder that easily dissolves in water or alcohol. Methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II stimulant by the U.

Drug Enforcement Agency DEAwhich means it has a high potential for abuse and is available legally only by prescription. When abused, methamphetamine is usually smoked, snorted, injected, or taken orally. Medically, methamphetamine has been used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD and obesity, but these uses are limited in the U.

Prescription doses are typically much lower than those used illegally. In the U. Methamphetamine is cheap and easy to make from common ingredients. Most of the illegal methamphetamine in the U. Pseudoephedrine can only be purchased from behind the pharmacy counter now in the U. This law is enforced to help curb abuse and keep a record of the purchaser. Methamphetamine speed may be abused by inhaling or smoking, swallowing, snorting through the nose, or by injection. Crystal meth is smoked in a manner similar to crack cocaine and became popular in the s.

Immediately after smoking or intravenous IV injection, the user experiences an intense sensation, What are the effects of speed called a "rush", which lasts only a few minutes and is described as extremely pleasurable. Oral or intranasal use produces euphoria or high, but not a rush. Snorting methamphetamine will lead to effects within 3 to 5 minutes, whereas oral ingestion takes 15 to 20 minutes. Some users become addicted quickly, and abuse it with increasing frequency and doses. As the pleasurable effects of methamphetamine disappear, abusers may use more and more drug to get the same effect.

The health hazards from chronic use of methamphetamine appear to be at least partially reversible. Recovery of dopamine transporter activity has been shown on brain neuro-imaging studies after roughly 2 years.

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Motor skills and verbal memory tests showed some recovery, but not all changes have been shown to reverse over time. Behavioral therapy remains the most effective treatment for methamphetamine abuse and addiction, at this time. What are the effects of speed to the National Institute of Drug Abuse NIDAthe combination of behavioral therapy and family education, counseling and step support, drug testing and positive reinforcement for non-drug related activities has been shown to be effective.

There are no specific medications approved for use in methamphetamine addiction. The National Institute of Drug Abuse NIDA reports that clinical studies are ongoing looking at medications or vaccine use for treatment of methamphetamine addiction. In addition, bupropion Wellbutrinapproved for use in depression, has been shown to reduce low-to-moderate methamphetamine cravings, in combination with behavioral group therapy.

Bupropion's proposed mechanism in methamphetamine dependence by inhibiting the re-uptake of norepinephrine and dopamine. Other side effects include temporary hyperactivity, insomnia, anorexia and tremors.

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High doses or chronic use have been associated with increased nervousness, irritability, paranoia, confusion, anxiety and aggressiveness, all typical side effects expected from a high-dose stimulant. Methamphetamine can cause irreversible damage to blood vessels in the brain, leading to a stroke. Death can result from hyperthermia elevated body temperatureconvulsions and cardiovascular collapse.

Chronic, high-dose methamphetamine abusers are susceptible to violent and erratic behavior, hallucinations, and a psychosis similar to schizophrenia. Psychotic episodes may recur for months or years after methamphetamine abuse has stopped. The neurotoxic effect of methamphetamine causes damage to brain cells that contain dopamine. Over time, reduced levels of dopamine can result in symptoms like those of Parkinson's diseasea severe movement disorder.

Yes, an overdose is possible with methamphetamine abuse. An overdose can occur due to high doses or What are the effects of speed serious reaction that le to death. Similar to cocaine, methamphetamine blocks the re-uptake of dopamine. Methamphetamine releases high levels of the brain chemical dopamine, which stimulates brain cells, enhancing mood What are the effects of speed body movement. Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter used for body movement, motivation, pleasure, and reward. A "rush" of dopamine release in the brain due to methamphetamine abuse le to the intense high and continued reuse of "speed" that can lead to addiction.

Methamphetamine also increases levels of serotonin 5-HT and norepinephrine, other brain chemicals. Methamphetamine can easily cross into the brain. Methamphetamine is able to penetrate the central nervous system more readily than amphetaminemaking it a more potent and longer-lasting stimulant. However, amphetamine is also an active metabolite of methamphetamine, peaking in blood levels in roughly 12 hours.

Oral methamphetamine has a half-life of roughly 4 to 5 hours. Metabolism occurs in the liver, and excretion occurs primarily in the urine and is pH dependent. Methamphetamine use in pregnancy is of concern. There is limited knowledge of the fetal effects of methamphetamine abuse.

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Limited human studies have shown increased rates of premature delivery, low birth weight, separation of the placenta from the uterus, fetal growth retardation, heart and brain abnormalities, and withdrawal symptoms. Research is continuing to assess the effect of methamphetamine use on social interactions, cognition and medical health in children exposed to methamphetamine in utero. Animal studies have shown birth defects and embryo death when high doses. Infants born to mothers who are addicted to methamphetamine may experience symptoms of withdrawal as demonstrated by agitation and ificant weakness.

Additionally, amphetamines are excreted in human milk, and mothers who taking amphetamines should be advised to refrain from breast feeding. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this applies to your personal circumstances. How is speed abused?

What are the What are the effects of speed of speed? Common, immediate effects of methamphetamine abuse include: increased activity and body temperature wakefulness talkativeness faster breathing increased concentration decreased appetite elevated blood pressure rapid heart rate increased libido sex drive a sense of well-being. Is speed addicting? Yes, methamphetamine speed is extremely addicting.

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Withdrawal from methamphetamine produces: severe depression anxiety fatigue psychosis intense cravings for the drug. How do you treat a speed addiction? What are the side effects with speed? Methamphetamine is a stimulant. Methamphetamine use: increases heart rate increases blood pressure elevates body temperature quickens the breathing rate dilates the pupils. Can you overdose on speed? Death due to a methamphetamine overdose can be caused by: stroke heart attack organ problems, such as with the kidney How does methamphetamine affect the brain? Is speed use in pregnancy dangerous? Drug Alcohol Depend.

What is methamphetamine? Methamphetamine Meth. Methamphetamine Drug Facts. May Bupropion for the Treatment of Methamphetamine Dependence.

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What are the effects of speed

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Uses and risks of amphetamine